Bergamot essential oil is extracted from the tree Citrus aurantium var. bergamia of the Rutaceae family and is also known as Bergamot orange. The rind of both ripe and unripe fruit is used to extract the oil, which yields about 0.5 % oil which has a watery viscosity. The scent of the oil is basically citrus, yet fruity and sweet, with a warm spicy floral quality and is reminiscent of neroli as well as lavender oil. The color ranges from green to greenish-yellow.